( Hardwood )
Chiricahua Apache Chief
Chief of the Chiricahua Apache in Arizona, noted for courage, integrity, and military skill.
From 1861, when soldiers unjustly hanged some of his relatives, he warred relentlessly against the U.S. army.
Peace talks in 1872 promised him a reservation on his native territory, but after he died his people were removed.
A Chiricahua Apache chief, son and successor of Nachi. Although constantly at feud with the Mexicans, he gave no trouble to the Americans until after he went, in 1861, under a flag of truce, to the camp of a party of soldiers to deny that his tribe had abducted a white child.
The commanding officer was angered by this and ordered the visiting chiefs seized and bound because they would not confess.
One was killed and four were caught, but Cochise, cutting through the side of a tent, made his escape with three bullets in his body and immediately began hostilities to avenge his companions, who were hanged by the Federal troops.
The troops were forced to retreat and white settlements in Arizona were laid waste.
Soon afterward the military posts were abandoned, the troops being recalled to take part in the Civil war.
This convinced the Apache that they need only to fight to prevent Americans front settling in their country.
Cochise and Mangas Coloradas defended Apache pass in southeast Arizona against the Californians, who marched under Gen. Carleton to reopen communication between the Pacific coast and the east.
The howitzers of the California volunteers put the Apache to flight .
When United States troops returned to resume the occupancy of the country after the close of the Civil war, a war of extermination was carried on against the Apache.
Cochise did not surrender till Sept., 1871. When orders came to transfer his people from Canada Alamosa to the new Tularosa reservation, in New Mexico, he escaped with a hand of 200 in the spring of 1872 and his example was followed by 600 others.
After the Chiricahua reservation was established Arizona, in the summer of 1872, he carne in and there died in peace June 8, 1874.
He was succeeded as chief by his son Taza.
The southeastern most county of Arizona bears Cochise's name.